Tell-a-FriendSesame Seeds

Posted in Spices and Herbs  
Sesame Seeds Black 

Used in cooking for their rich nutty flavour, black sesame seeds are especially common in far Eastern cuisine. Here, meat or fish is rolled in the sesame seeds before cooking for a crunchy coating. Appearing on dessert menus in tuiles and macaroons, ice creams and eclairs, cakes, pannacottas and doughnuts, black sesame seed is the new poppy seed!

Sesame seeds (Sesamum indicum) are small, thin, tear-shaped black or tan seeds with a pleasing nutty flavour that’s intensified by toasting. Black and tan sesame seeds are similar in flavour, while white sesame seeds are more delicate. Used as a seasoning and for their oil, they are about 50 percent oil by weight. Popular the world over, sesame probably originated in Africa and is now grown mostly in India, China, Mexico, and the Sudan.

In India, the seeds are sprinkled on baked goods and added to rice dishes, sauces, and stuffings. In China, they coat small deep-fried tidbits and sweets and are toasted and ground to make the potent Chinese sesame paste zhi ma jiang. In Japan, where sesame is used extensively, the seeds are always lightly toasted. They are mixed with salt as a condiment (gomasio), ground and made into sesame tofu (goma-dofu), and mixed with dressings and dipping sauces.

In the Middle East, sesame seeds are ground and compressed with sweet syrup and honey to make halva, or ground into tahini, a paste used in making hummus and baba ghanouj. Sesame seeds are sprinkled on simit, ring-shaped Turkish breads sold by street vendors. The seeds were introduced to America by West African slaves, who called them benne, still their name in the American South.

Cold-pressed sesame oil is gently heated to preserve natural aromas; hot-pressed sesame oil yields greater quantities of less flavourful oil and is the preferred frying oil in southwest India and Burma. Asian sesame oil extracted from toasted seeds is called “fragrant oil” in China; it’s a common flavouring in Korea, Japan, and the Chinese province of Sichuan, where it’s seasoned with crushed dried chillies. Japanese tempura is made by deep-frying battered vegetables in a mixture of one part toasted sesame oil and ten parts soy oil.

Other Names
Sesame Seeds Tan 
Ajonjolí or sésamo (Spanish); benne (Wolof); gergelim (Brazilian Portuguese); gingelly (Hindi); kae (Korean); sesam (Turkish); sésame (French); sesamo (Italian); sésamo (Portuguese); shumshum (Hebrew); simsim (Arabic); sousami (Greek); ufuta (Swahili); vanglo (German); wijen (Indonesian).
Black sesame: hak chi mah (Chinese); kuro-goma (Japanese).
White sesame: chi mah (Chinese); muki-goma (Japanese).
Purchase and Avoid
Sesame Seeds White 
Look for white sesame seeds, sesame oil, and cold-pressed sesame oil in supermarkets and natural foods stores. Asian toasted sesame oil, roasted sesame paste, natural sesame seeds, and black sesame seeds can be found in Asian markets and spice shops. Tahini can be found in Middle Eastern groceries and natural foods stores.
Storage
Store sesame seeds in the refrigerator since their high oil content can lead to rancidity. Store toasted sesame oil, roasted sesame paste, and tahini in the refrigerator once opened.
Culinary Uses
  • Sprinkle white sesame seeds on breads, crackers, and cookies before baking.

  • Lightly toast white or tan sesame seeds in a dry skillet, shaking so the seeds toast evenly, and sprinkle on salads, stir-fries, and sautés.

Food Affinities
  • almond

  • beef

  • bok choy

  • broccoli

  • butter

  • caramel

  • cheese

  • chicken

  • cilantro

  • corn

  • duck

  • honey

  • lamb

  • lemon

  • miso

  • olive oil

  • orange

  • rice

  • scallion

  • shrimp

  • tofu

  • watercress

Category: Spices and Herbs

Sub Category: Spice

Total Views: 1078

Word Count: 943

Comment on Twitter

More Articles in "Spices and Herbs"

Nutmeg and Mace
Posted 19-04-2011 in Spices and Herbs
Nutmeg and Mace
Nutmeg is the large, light grayish brown, speckled, wood-hard kernel that grows inside the apricot-like fruit of a tropical tree (Myristica fragrans)…
View Details »
Allspice
Posted 03-11-2009 in Spices and Herbs
Allspice
Allspice takes its name from its aroma, which smells like a combination of spices, especially cinnamon, cloves, ginger, and nutmeg, hence the name…
View Details »
Speserye
Posted 03-10-2009 in Spices and Herbs
Speserye
Eksotiese speserye van regoor die wêreld is deesdae tot ons beskikking – tog beteken die beskikbaarheid daarvan maar min as jy nie weet hoe om dit te…
View Details »
Szechuan Peppercorns
Posted 19-04-2011 in Spices and Herbs
Szechuan Peppercorns
Szechuan peppercorns are the dried husks that surround the seeds of the Chinese prickly ash tree (Zanthoxylum simulans). Usually reddish brown, the fruits…
View Details »
Asafetida
Posted 12-04-2011 in Spices and Herbs
Asafetida
Asafetida (Hing) is an essential ingredient in Indian vegetarian cooking. Asafetida is the strong-smelling, even stinking, dried brownish resin extracted…
View Details »

All Articles in "Spices and Herbs"